Friday, 21 April 2017
Rice Farming: Post Production, Harvesting And Drying
In numerous a creating nation, 25 to half of the aggregate grain esteem is lost between the reap and utilization, for the most part because of poor stockpiling strategies, cultivate level wastage, and preparing. This prompts bring down wages at agriculturists and higher costs for purchasers. Further, there's a weight on agriculturists to expand the generation levels to accomplish higher rice yields and they wind up utilizing more land and composts making mass harm the regular assets. This article goes for showing you how to limit grain misfortunes and keep up rice quality for longer stockpiling periods.
Step 1: Post creation administration
After creation administration is about how to deal with the rice; from the time it's collected to the time it's sold. Different procedures, for example, cutting, pulling, cleaning and promoting the rice, and so on are included. It's especially essential since it forestalls both subjective and quantitative misfortune and with a poor after generation administration, you're inclined to losing as much as half of your aggregate yield.
Step 2: Harvesting
This is just a procedure of gathering the develop edit from the field; for our situation, rice. Gathering starts with cutting the product and closures after it's been set up to dry. It includes:
- Field drying
- Packing (to send it advance for drying)
Gathering at the right time guarantees that you get the most extreme yield, reducing quality degeneration. There are, in any case, certain physical misfortunes one needs to confront amid the reaping operations. These are inexactly in view of the operations and apparatus utilized amid collecting. These misfortunes:
- Occur amid cutting
- Occur amid sifting and
- Occur amid grain handlings
To limit, it's critical that you measure misfortunes at every operation of collecting and work upon it.
Step 3: Drying
The most basic operation once through the gather, drying diminishes the grain's dampness substance to a protected level perfect for putting away it for longer spans. Dampness loaded grain is inclined to discolouration, advancement of molds and vermin pervasion. It additionally lessens the seed's rate of germination, along these lines reducing the general grain quality. It happens when you:
- Wait too well before you start drying
- Don't dry it sufficiently long, whatever be your motivation
- Wrong strategies
In a perfect world, you ought to start drying inside 24 hours after the collect. The grains ought to be dried down to various Moisture Content (MC) for various purposes.
- 14% or less MC for stockpiling to a couple of months
- 13% or less MC to store for 8 to 12 months
- 9% or less to store over a year
- Traditional frameworks: Sun drying, field drying and stacking
- Mechanical frameworks: Heated air drying, low temperature drying, sunlight based drying and grain cooling